Doha city is located on the coast of the Arabian Gulf in the central-eastern portion of the country. Its elevation is 10 m. It is Qatar’s fastest growing city, with over 80% of the country’s population living in Doha or its surrounding suburbs, and it is also the economic centre of the country. The annual population growth rate attained 6,69% in 2015 and 1,81% in 2019. It is expected that Doha will reach 2,497 million inhabitants latest 2025. The majority of Doha’s population is composed of expatriates.

965 500


2 959 km²



inhabitants / km²


Doha has 22 crops farms with a total area of 348,4 ha (177.52 ha non-active, 170.9 ha active), which are producing very small food supplies for the city. The percentage of self-sufficiency in milk and dairy products stood at 33,2% in 2015, followed by self-sufficiency in fish at 30,5%, vegetable group at 14,7%, fruits at 13,3%, eggs at 11,6%, meat at 8.5%, and the cereal group at 6.8%. The agricultural sector contribution to GDP is 0,13% and it employs 1,3% of the labour force. The sector’s economic yield is very modest compared to its use of already limited water resources in (NDS, 2019).

546 kg/a

total food consumption
per capita

160 kg/a

plant-based products consumption / capita

65 kg/a

meat products consumption / capita

11 571 ha

agricultural land

5,8 %

agricultural land share to the total land

Water (Qatar)

Water consumption per capita in Qatar is one of the highest in the world. The agriculture and domestic sectors have the highest share in water usage in Qatar. Water sources for agriculture consist of groundwater and TSE. The measures taken to meet the water needs of Qatar’s growing economy include the production of more water, increase of water reuses, and increased water use efficiency. The water currently available for use in Qatar, originates from three sources: abstraction of fresh and saline groundwater, seawater desalination and re-use of treated sewage effluent.

570 litres

daily water consumption per capita

208 m³/a

water consumption / cap

142,4 m³/a

household water consumption / cap

Water use in households

  • Agricultural Sector 33% 33%
  • Industrial Sector 1% 1%
  • Commercial Sector 15% 15%
  • Government Sector 13% 13%
  • Household Sector 38% 38%

Energy (Qatar)

The energy demand in Qatar is met by three energy sources i.e. electricity, oil products and natural gas. All the electricity in Qatar is generated by natural gas and is fully generated by NG-fired power plants consisting of combined cycle and gas turbines. Some of the power plants are dual purpose for power generation and water desalination.

223,6 TWh

final energy demand

Final energy demand by fuel type

  • Electricity 17% 17%
  • Oil products 38% 38%
  • Natural gas 45% 45%

Final energy demand by sector

  • Industry Sector 41% 41%
  • Transport Sector 23% 23%
  • Residential Sector 8% 8%
  • Service Sector 3% 3%
  • Non-specified 1% 1%
  • Non-energy use 24% 24%